Armenian Highland

Ծառը ինչքան բերք տայ ու բարի, գլուխն էնքան խոնարհ կը պահի:
However much fruit a tree bears, it humbles its head that much more.

Տորք ԱնգեղTork Angegh
Ancient Armenian God or minor deity of strength, courage and of arts. He was of unnatural strength and power but was kind and artistic. The late antiquity historian and author of “The History of Armenia” Movses Khorenatsi writes that Tork Angegh was Haik’s great grandsonTork Angegh is described as being a very unattractive male figure. Gegh meaning beautiful and Angegh meaning anti/un beautiful. Khorenatsi writes that Angegh was a giant of extraordinary strength, who could hurl boulders across the seas, flatten the surfaces of rocks, and draw pictures on them with his fingernails.  Venerated mainly in the province of Angegh, in south-western Armenia. Movses Khorenatsi also states that he was a prince of that province, hence the references in Armenian history to Angegha tun (the House of Angegh) Angegh was one of the significant deities of the Armenian Pantheon prior to the Hellenic and Iranian influence.
There is an ancient story about Tork Angegh that reads:Tork Angegh was so strong he could crush entire rock formation and tear them off the ground with his bare hands. Unfortunately, he was not very handsome: he had rough facial features, a flattened nose, and sunken eyes. Could there ever be a woman who would want to become his wife?
The goddess Astghik* appeared to him in a dream and told him to follow the sun and he would find his intended – the beautiful Haykanush – next to a cold spring under a cliff. Tork woke up and did everything that Astghik had told him to do: he found the cliff, broke the iron door and sat down on top of it. Then a beautiful maiden appeared in front of him.
“Did you break my door, you giant oaf?” asked the girl.
“I’ll fix it,” answered the embarrassed hero, his rugged features going red.
“If you came to woo me, you have to capture twenty giants for me first. That way you will show me your respect and then you could take me with you,” she said.
Tork went to find some warriors in the country of giants. When he got there, they were delighted to see him and welcomed him with great fanfare as an important guest. Before going to sleep, Tork Angegh thought to himself, “How can I fight these people?” In the morning, he honestly described his predicament to his new friends. The patriarch of the tribe of giants suggested they go see Haykanush peacefully and ask the stubborn girl for her hand.
And so the giants went to see Haykanush with joy and laughter, singing and dancing all the way to her house. No matter what the stubborn girl did, she could not postpone the wedding – after all, the groom and the wedding guests were there already and they had brought everything necessary with them: songs, flowers and smiles. And most importantly, they proved to her that the most precious thing on earth is not one’s looks, but a good soul and an open heart.
Many historians relate Tork Angegh in the Proto-Indo-European religions context and believe that there is an etymological connection with the Norse god Thor/Tyr because of the many connections and similarities.
Others make similarities with the Akkadian/Assyrian Nergal who also was an unnatractive male deity.

Տորք Անգեղ
Tork Angegh

Ancient Armenian God or minor deity of strength, courage and of arts. He was of unnatural strength and power but was kind and artistic.

The 
late antiquity historian and author of “The History of Armenia” Movses Khorenatsi writes that Tork Angegh was Haik’s great grandson

Tork Angegh is described as being a very unattractive male figure. Gegh meaning beautiful and Angegh meaning anti/un beautiful. Khorenatsi 
writes that Angegh was a giant of extraordinary strength, who could hurl boulders across the seas, flatten the surfaces of rocks, and draw pictures on them with his fingernails.  Venerated mainly in the province of Angegh, in south-western Armenia. Movses Khorenatsi also states that he was a prince of that province, hence the references in Armenian history to Angegha tun (the House of Angegh) Angegh was one of the significant deities of the Armenian Pantheon prior to the Hellenic and Iranian influence.

There is an ancient story about Tork Angegh that reads:

Tork Angegh was so strong he could crush entire rock formation and tear them off the ground with his bare hands. Unfortunately, he was not very handsome: he had rough facial features, a flattened nose, and sunken eyes. Could there ever be a woman who would want to become his wife?

The goddess Astghik* appeared to him in a dream and told him to follow the sun and he would find his intended – the beautiful Haykanush – next to a cold spring under a cliff. Tork woke up and did everything that Astghik had told him to do: he found the cliff, broke the iron door and sat down on top of it. Then a beautiful maiden appeared in front of him.

“Did you break my door, you giant oaf?” asked the girl.

“I’ll fix it,” answered the embarrassed hero, his rugged features going red.

“If you came to woo me, you have to capture twenty giants for me first. That way you will show me your respect and then you could take me with you,” she said.

Tork went to find some warriors in the country of giants. When he got there, they were delighted to see him and welcomed him with great fanfare as an important guest. Before going to sleep, Tork Angegh thought to himself, “How can I fight these people?” In the morning, he honestly described his predicament to his new friends. The patriarch of the tribe of giants suggested they go see Haykanush peacefully and ask the stubborn girl for her hand.

And so the giants went to see Haykanush with joy and laughter, singing and dancing all the way to her house. No matter what the stubborn girl did, she could not postpone the wedding – after all, the groom and the wedding guests were there already and they had brought everything necessary with them: songs, flowers and smiles. And most importantly, they proved to her that the most precious thing on earth is not one’s looks, but a good soul and an open heart.

Many historians relate Tork Angegh in the Proto-Indo-European religions context and believe that there is an etymological connection with the Norse god Thor/Tyr because of the many connections and similarities.

Others make similarities with the Akkadian/Assyrian Nergal who also was an unnatractive male deity.

Monochrome landscape photographs of Armenia, the landscapes include Ararat, Khor Virap, Apricot trees, Noratus and other scenery and landmarks.

All of the photographs are taken by the very talented Suren Manvelyan who started as a professional photograph in 2006. Suren’s photos have been published in numerous magazines and newspapers in Armenia and worldwide such as  National Geographic, Yahoo!, Die Zeit, The Sun, Daily Mail, The Independent, Telegraph, La Republica,  Liberation, Guardian, Wired, Huffington Post, Wedemain, The Shortlist, DT Magazine, MAXIM, and many others. The photos were also used by BBC Spain, BBC Brasil, WNYC, Gizmondo and many others.

Besides photography Suren also enjoys a successful scientific career as he teaches physics, mathematics, projective geometry and astronomy at the Yerevan Waldorf School. From 1997 to 2011 he served as a scientific researcher at the Institute for Physical Research of National Academy of Sciences.

Suren received his PhD in Theoretical Physics from the Yerevan State University in 2001 where his research focused on Quantum Chaos. He received the President Award of the Republic of Armenia next year for his research work in the field of quantum technologies. Suren plays on five musical instruments the guitar, cello, piano, block flute, and lyre.

French newspapers and illustrations reporting on the several massacres targeted towards Armenians in Baku, People’s Republic of Azerbaijan 1905 - 1918

On 15th of september some 30 thousand Armenians were brutally butchered in an event that came to be known as The September Days,  Enver Pasha's Army of Islam and their local Azeri allies when they captured Baku, the soon-to-be capital of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Similar atrocities were going on in Shushi and other towns across Azerbaijan. 

Coin of Arsames of Armenia II (230 BC)Coin from Armenian kingdom of Sophene, bust of Arsames II, 230 BC. Mountain peaks of Ararat on the reverse with stars shining above the peaks.

Photographs of Armenian soldiers and freedom fighters who defended the Armenian Highland against the Ottoman Empire, Young Turks. Army of Islam in the Caucasus, People’s Republic of Azerbaijan, and at times the Bolsheviks.

Many of these photographs are taken during the Armenian Genocide around the time of World War I.

The top three photographs also show some of the commanders during this time. Each and every photograph has a descriptive text on the bottom of it. 

All photos are taken from the book “Why Armenia should be free : Armenia’s rôle in the present war (1918)”

Photographs of very old Armenian doors featuring traditional Armenian symbols and a rich culture of wood carving. 

Taken by the very talented Suren Manvelyan

Ghazanchetsots Cathedral ‘Ղազանչեցոց Եկեղեցի’ also known as the Cathedral of Christ the Holy Savior was completed in 1868 by Simon Ter-Hakobyan, 

The three images all show the same Armenian Apostolic Cathedral located in Artsakh, known as Nagorno-Karabakh internationally.All the images show the cathedral in very constrasting situations and circumstances.

The first Image shows the current state of the cathedral. Gracefully beautiful and in a time of peace. Open to all who wish to worship in it.

The second image is moments after the liberation of 
Shushi. A very emotional moment as it marked the victory and the liberation of Artsakh. The Armenians are dancing next the blown up cathedral that the Azeri forces used as a GRAD munitions storehouse. And before the Nagorno-Karabakh war, during the Soviet period, it was used as a granary, and then as a garage.

The third and final image shows the defiled and burnedCathedral of Christ the Holy Savior casting it’s shadow upon the razed, destroyed and ravaged Armenian quarter of Shushi. This was one in many pogroms targeted towards Armenians in Azerbaijan in 1920’s that claimed some sixty thousand civilian Armenian lifes.

"Even today I remember what I saw in Shusha in 1920, with horror. The most beautiful Armenian town was completely destroyed, and in the wells we saw corpses of women and children” - Grigory Ordzhonikidze

Armenian freedom fighter Pavel Manoukian patrolling the mountains of Artsakh. Dressed in traditional Armenian clothing.Manoukian participated in many bloody clashes during the Nagorno-Karabakh war, including the Liberation of Shushi.

Manuscripts from The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.

They are from the 12th century Cilician Armenia and are kept at the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts.

More commonly known as the Matenadaran. It holds one of the worlds most richest collection of ancient and medieval manuscripts and books. The books and manuscript contets ranges from history, philosophy, geography, science, medicine, litterature, cosmography and much more.

“The writer is a spiritual anarchist, as in the depth of his soul every man is. He is discontented with everything and everybody. The writer is everybody’s best friend and only true enemy — the good and great enemy. He neither walks with the multitude nor cheers with them. The writer who is a writer is a rebel who never stops”

—   William Saroyan